A couple months ago I blogged about my frustration with httplib logging. Andrew Dalke suggested that I should replace sys.stdout. His suggestion sent me googling, which turned up an old email from Guido. Add threading.local and we have a solution!
We need a duck-typed replacement for sys.stdout that behaves like a writeable file, but also provides the ability to capture to thread-local storage. One of the ways to use threading.local is to subclass it. An instance of this subclass will have per-thread attributes, even if the instance itself is common to multiple threads.
Since StringIO intentionally doesn’t implement isatty(), we also need to make sure that gets passed through to the underlying file (we do this by catching the exception in getattr). And since we like seeing HTTP transactions when we’re debugging, we include a writethrough mode that provides simultaneous capture and print.
import cStringIO, threading class LocalCapturingWriter(threading.local): def __init__(self, fp, writethrough=False): self.__dict__['_fp'] = fp self.__dict__['_stringio'] = None self.__dict__['_writethrough'] = writethrough def start_capture(self): self.__dict__['_stringio'] = cStringIO.StringIO() def stop_capture(self): v = self._stringio.getvalue() self._stringio.close() self.__dict__['_stringio'] = None return v def write(self, s): if self._stringio: result = self._stringio.write(s) if not self._stringio or self._writethrough: result = self._fp.write(s) return result def __getattr__(self, name): if self._stringio is not None: try: return getattr(self._stringio, name) except: pass return getattr(self._fp, name) def __setattr__(self, name, value): if self._stringio: setattr(self._stringio, name, value) if not self._stringio or self._writethrough: setattr(self._fp, name, value)
And here’s how to use it. First, the global settings:
import httplib2, sys httplib2.debuglevel = 1 sys.stdout = LocalCapturingWriter(sys.stdout)
Then the code that runs in a thread to capture the debugging output. This will work as expected even in multiple threads simultaneously.
sys.stdout.start_capture() try: response, content = \ httplib2.Http().request("http://n01se.net") finally: debug_trace = sys.stdout.stop_capture() # Note that httplib2 doesn't include the content in its # debug output. debug_trace += "content: %r\n" % content
We’re now using this in our Django app, with a custom Exception class (to hold the captured trace) and middleware that knows to look for it. The end result is that every time an exception occurs due to a problem talking to a backend server, the exception email includes the httplib2 trace. Yeah!
(originally posted on the n01se blog)