A few months ago I released two Bash libraries for parsing command-line options. One is a pure Bash drop-in replacement for GNU getopt called pure-getopt, since GNU getopt isn’t always available, particularly on OS X. The other library is called ghettopt, and it’s designed to make command-line parsing much easier than calling getopt manually.
Each of these libraries has a test suite which is designed to be called from the command-line like this:
$ bash test.bash
This generates some human-readable output then exits with zero status if everything passed. Here’s an example from ghettopt:
$ bash test.bash (nothing) ... pass --foo ... pass --foo=x ... pass --foo x ... pass --foo=x\ y ... pass --bar=two ... pass --bool ... pass --no-bool ... pass --bule ... pass --no-bule ... pass --arr=x --arr=y ... pass --help ... pass --help= ... pass --colon=value ... pass x y\ z ... pass -- --bool ... pass 16 pass, 0 fail $ echo $? 0
By setting the exit status to indicate overall pass/fail, this follows the
pattern of other test suites, and it’s easy to plug into Travis CI,
.travis.yml as follows:
language: bash script: bash test.bash
Great, now we’re testing on Travis with every push to Github! But what about testing different versions of Bash? Python and other languages get explicit support for testing with multiple versions but there’s no provision for Bash. And yet it’s important—Bash has changed dramatically from version to version, especially with the addition of associative arrays and regular expression matching. My initial implementations of both pure-getopt and ghettopt weren’t backward compatible to Bash version 2, but there are plenty of older installations, especially in shared hosting, where Bash 2.05b is still the system default.
Even though Travis doesn’t have explicit support for non-system Bash versions out of the box, it does provide package installation using apt, so we can install older Bash versions that way. In fact, we can also test newer Bash versions too, since we have no idea what version is installed by default on the Travis build boxes, and we needn’t care.
I’ve made a “bashes” PPA available.
You can use it with something like this in
env: - BASHES="bash2.05b bash3.0.16 bash3.2.48 bash4.2.45" before_install: - echo | sudo add-apt-repository ppa:agriffis/bashes - sudo apt-get update -qq - sudo apt-get install -qq $BASHES
This installs all the available Bash versions simultaneously, which is fine
because the names are versioned, for example
The trick now is to run the test suite multiple times, once with each version. One option is to use Travis’s built-in support for running a matrix of tests, but I don’t recommend that because it instantiates a virtual machine for each cell in the matrix. Assuming your test suite is small and you don’t anticipate pollution between runs, it’s gentler on the Travis infrastructure to instantiate a single VM and run the suite multiple times sequentially.
For that we can use a wrapper script which we’ll call
relies on the
BASHES environment variable that we set in
#!/bin/bash status=0 for b in $BASHES; do echo echo ================== echo $b echo ================== $b test.bash || status=$? done exit $status
So our final and complete
language: bash env: - BASHES="bash2.05b bash3.0.16 bash3.2.48 bash4.2.45" before_install: - echo | sudo add-apt-repository ppa:agriffis/bashes - sudo apt-get update -qq - sudo apt-get install -qq $BASHES script: bash travis.bash
If you use this to test your scripts, please let me know in the comments!